1981 Double Struck Partial Brockage 20 Cent Error


1981 Double Struck Partial Brockage 20 Cent Error

1981 Double Struck Partial Brockage 20 Cent Error

Above is an error coin that is an interesting combination of two error types. It’s a partial brockage, having been struck against another already struck coin, and it’s also been struck twice, making it a double struck error. Either of these types of errors is rare on any Australian decimal coin but to find both on the same coin is truly unusual.

Partial Brockage Detail

Partial Brockage Detail

Partial Brockage

Above you can see a detail of the area of the coin showing the clear partial brockage with a reverse impression of the letters ELIZ from another already struck coin. The sequence of events that resulted in this error were probably something along these lines:

  1. A blank enters the coin press and is struck as normal.
  2. The struck coin is ejected from the coin press incorrectly and remains partially within the coining chamber of the press.
  3. Another blank is fed into the collar die.
  4. The press strikes the blank coin but because the first struck coin is still within the coining chamber an impression of that coin is struck onto the new blank coin resulting in the partial brockage.
  5. Because of the obstruction (the already struck coin), the collar die which is spring loaded is forced downward when the blank coin is struck resulting in only partial engagement with the collar. This is indicated in the image below, which shows only partial reeding on the edge of the coin which is the result of partial collar engagement.
Incomplete reeding indicates partial collar engagement

Incomplete reeding indicates partial collar engagement

Double Strike

This error coin has also been double struck while partially retained within the collar which is sometimes known as a “rotated double strike”. Interestingly it was also struck twice against the already struck coin resulting in a double struck partial brockage. Indications of the double strike are a little more difficult to spot.


First, a close look must be taken at the legends on the obverse (Detail A), which you can see in the image below. They have the typical spidery appearance that is the result of the planchet shifting slightly between strikes. Secondly on the reverse you can see clear doubling of the beak of the platypus (Detail B) and finally the partial brockage itself clearly shows two impressions of each letter (Detail C).

australia-1981-20c-doublestrike-detail

Click image to enlarge

Conclusions

Decimal coins are very collectable right now, and double struck or coins with brockages especially so. This coin is a nice combination of both these types of errors, and arguably is a partial collar too, making it a combination of three error types. It’s extremely unusual, and the first time the authors have seen a double struck brockage on an Aussie decimal coin. An interesting though exercise is the visualize the other coin involved in this process, it’s been struck three times on the reverse, once correctly and twice offset significantly. The obverse has been struck correctly once and then offset and struck against this error coin twice. A reasonable classification for the other coin would be a “partial offset die cap”.

As something of a footnote it’s very common to see these sorts of spectacular errors (whether pre-decimal or decimal) with some form of gouge on them. Presumably put there by a mint worker with some sort of metal tool (perhaps a screwdriver) trying to remove the offending item from a jammed coin press. This coin is no different, with a decent sized scrape on the 0 of 20 perhaps put there 35 years ago by a possibly frustrated mint employee!


Posted in Error Coins

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